Tuesday, 25 March 2008

浦島太郎 Urashimataro

This week I invite you to accompany Urashimataro on his journey with the turtle to the secret dragon castle, where the princess Otohime lives:

浦島太郎 Urashimataro
(English Version below)


むかしむかし、ある村に、心のやさしい浦島太郎(うらしまたろう)という青年がいました。
 浦島(うらしま)さんが海辺を通りかかると、子どもたちが大きなカメをつかまえていました。
 そばによって見てみると、子どもたちがみんなでカメをいじめています。
「おやおや、かわいそうに、はなしておやり」
「いやだよ。おらたちが、やっと、つかまえたんだもの」
 見ると、カメは涙をハラハラとこぼしながら、浦島さんを見つめています。
「それじゃ、お金をあげるから、おじさんにカメを売っておくれよ」
「うん、いいよ」
 浦島さんは、子どもたちからカメを受け取ると、
「もう、つかまるんじゃないよ」
 そっと、海の中へ逃がしてやり、カメは喜んで海へ帰っていきました。
 それから二、三日たったある日、浦島さんが海に出かけて魚をつっていると、
「浦島さん、浦島さん」
「おや? だれが呼んでいるのだろう?」
「わたしですよ」
 海の上に、ヒョッコリとカメが頭を出して言いました。
「このあいだは、ありがとうございました」
「ああ、あのときのカメさんかい」
「はい、おかげで助かりました。ところで浦島さんは、龍宮(りゅうぐう)へいったことがありますか?」
「竜宮? さあ? 竜宮って、どこにあるんだい?」
「海の底です」
「えっ? 海の底へなんか、行けるのかい?」
「はい。わたしがお連れしましょう。さあ、背中へ乗ってください」
 カメは浦島さんを背中に乗せて、海の中へズンズンともぐっていきました。
 まっ青な光の中で、コンブがユラユラ。
 赤やピンクのサンゴの林が、どこまでも続いています。
「わあ、きれいだな」
 浦島さんがウットリしていると、やがて、りっぱなご殿(てん)へつきました。
 ご殿では、色とりどりの魚たちといっしょに、美しい乙姫(おとひめ)さまがお出迎えです。
「ようこそ。浦島さん。このあいだは、カメを助けてくださってありがとう。お礼に竜宮をご案内します。ゆっくりしていってくださいね」
 浦島さんは、ご殿の広間ヘ案内されました。
 魚たちが、つぎからつぎヘと、ごちそうを運んできます。
 フンワリと気持ちのよい音楽が流れて、タイやヒラメやクラゲたちの、みごとな踊りが続きます。
 もう一日、もう一日と、乙姫さまにいわれるまま竜宮ですごすうちに、三年の月日(つきひ)がたってしまいました。
 浦島さんは、ハッと、思い出したように、
「乙姫さま、もうそろそろ、家へ帰らせていただきます」
「そうですか。それはおなごりおしいですね。では、おみやげに玉手箱(たまてばこ)をあげましょう。大事な物が入っていますから、けっして、開けてはなりませんよ」
 浦島さんは、カメに送られて村へ帰りました。
「おや、三年で、ずいぶんと様子がかわったな」
 ここはたしかに、浦島さんがつりをしていた場所ですが、なんだか様子がちがいます。
 浦島さんの家は、どこにも見あたりませんし、会う人も知らない人ばかりです。
「どうなったのだろう? ・・・あの、すみません。浦島の家を知りませんか?」
「はい? たしか、浦島という人なら七百年ほど前に、海へ出たきり帰らないそうですよ」
「えっ!?」
 村の人の話を聞いて、浦島さんはビックリ。
 竜宮の三年は、この世の七百年にあたるのでしょうか?
「家族も友だちも、みんな死んでしまったのか・・・」
 浦島さんはさびしくなって、とうとう、開けてはいけない玉手箱を開けてしまいました。


モクモクモク・・・。
 すると中から、まっ白のけむりが出てきて、それをあびた浦島さんは、髪の毛もひげもまっ白の、ヨボヨボのおじいさんになってしまいました。

おしまい


Urashimataro

Once upon a time, there lived a young fisherman named Urashimataro and his old mother.

One sunny day, when Urashimataro hurriedly went passing the beach, he heard many children playing loudly and noisily, so he went over to have a look. He saw the children using sticks to poke a turtle‘s body, and sometimes turned its body and played. "Hay! Don‘t abuse the animal! It’s such a poor thing!"

"No! We caught it!" The children refused.

So Urashimataro said, "Give it to me then." and gave the children some money to buy the turtle, and saved the turtle.

After the children left, Urashimataro said to the turtle, "It‘s Okay now, quickly run away!" and put the turtle back to the ocean.

After few days, one day when Urashimataro went fishing at the beach, a turtle swam to the shore and said, "Uncle Urashimataro, thank you for saving my life last time, I will bring you to the Dragon Palace."

Urashimataro was so happy and surprised, "Really? You are bringing me to the Dragon Palace? Is it true?"

"Please sit on my back."

So Urashimataro sat on the turtle‘s back. The turtle swam lightly, and Urashimataro felt very relaxed and happy, and not long after that, they arrived at the Dragon Palace. The turtle let Urashimataro off its back, and said, "OK, we’ve arrived at the Dragon Palace."

At that time, the front door of the palace opened, a beautiful princess followed by a lot of fish came out to welcome Urashimataro. The princess said with a beautiful voice, Welcome, Mr. Urashimataro. Thank you for saving my turtle‘s life last time. I hope you enjoy the stay in the palace."

She took Urashimataro to the main hall of the palace for dinner. There were a lot of delicious dishes, one after another. Then the music started, and the fish started to dance and entertain Urashimataro. It was the first time in his life that he felt so happy, and he thought it was like a dream.

"It is always like this in the Dragon Palace, and you can stay as long as you want."

Urashimataro enjoyed himself very much in the Dragon Palace. He played with the princess and the fish, and had delicious dishes every day that he forget about going home. However, on the third day in the palace, he suddenly thought of his old mother. He thought that his mother must have been very worried about him, and he became very homesick and he wanted to go home.

Although the princess asked him to stay for a few more days, but Urashimataro insisted on going home, so the princess give him a beautiful box as a present, and said, "This is a present for you, and it‘s called the Jade Box. But, don’t open it no matter what happens. OK?"

Urashimataro carried the box carefully and sat on the turtle‘s back and went back home. The turtle swam very quickly and they arrived at the beach soon.

Urashimataro wanted to rush back to his house, but he found something strange. The scenery and the houses at the beach seemed different, and the people passed by all seemed stranger to him. He didn‘t know any of them. What’s worse, he could not even find his own house. So he went to the people in the neibourhood and asked, "Excuse me, but could you tell me where is the house of this young fisherman called Urashimataro?"

"Urashimataro? I‘ve heard that this person lived in this village 700 years ago, but he went out to the beach one day and never came back again."

Urashimataro was so astonished that he could not speak any word.

He only stayed in the Dragon for three days, but 700 years has already passed in the human world. His mother had died long ago, and so had the people he knew.

Urashimataro felt so sad and lonely. He sadly went back to the beach and sat on the sand.

He thought of the jade box that the princess gave him, and thought, "This is the only thing I have......"

He forgot all about what the princess told him, which is not to open the box no matter what happens, and he wanted to open the box.


"What‘s inside? I will just have a look."

So, Urashimataro opened the lead of the box a little bit to have a look, and just at that moment......

White smoke came out from the box.

Urashimataro, who saw the white smoke, suddenly became a gray-haired, wrinkle-faced and hunchbacked old man.

--------------------------

I asked Nakamura-san about the moral of the fairy tale, but he wasn't sure. We both found it a little strange, that good Urashimataro is punished twice in the story. First he has done a good deed and was rewarded with a stay at the Dragon Palace and the princess. But then when he wanted to see his mother and thus returned, 700 years had passed and he found himself at a loss.
Secondly it is strange that the princess would give the good Urashimataro a present, which he was not supposed to open. What kind of present is this? And when he opened it anyway, he got his second punishment and was turned into an old man.

If you have any ideas how to interpret this story or can find some hidden meaning, I am eager to hear it ^_^

mika

2 comments:

Leslie P. Polzer said...

Well, it doesn't appear to be a story where the good guys win. ;)

The Gilgamesh Epos is full of negative experiences, too, culminating to the morale that eternal life is not possible for human beings.

But I cannot interpret this story in more detail either -- most likely because I don't know anything about traditional Japanese allusions.

Leslie

Vilwarin said...

Heh actually the Gilgamesh Epos is waiting in my drawer to be read in the near future ^_^

I wanted to read it for a long time, and thus finally got a copy :)